Date of Award

Spring 2021

Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)

Committee Chair

Stephen Laws


Reading is an essential skill, used in every aspect of daily life. It is the foundation for every other form of learning (Alberti, 2010). Over the years, there has been a gap in reading achievement between African American male students and other demographic groups (Milner et al., 2013). This study examined the effectiveness of small group reading using multicultural literature in kindergarten through third grade, especially for the African American male student. A framework based on Vygotsky’s (1978) theory of cognitive development provides support for a systematic literacy approach. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine teacher perceptions regarding how the use of guided reading and multicultural literature impacted the learning of all students, specifically the African American male student. The recommendations from this study suggest various ways for colleges and universities, school districts, and educators to help develop teachers in the areas of guided reading with the use of phonics, reading comprehension, vocabulary development, and fluency instruction, along with the use of multicultural literature and culturally responsive teaching approaches.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License