This study examined the difference between relationship self-efficacy and sport self-efficacy in female athletes (n=13) through surveys and salivary cortisol. The female athletes provided saliva samples for cortisol measurements through a baseline sample, a behavioral relationship efficacy test sample, and an athletic event sample. Results were gathered through self-reported answers to multiple surveys taken before or after playing Jenga®. The pattern of results supported the hypothesis that there is significant positive correlation between sport self-efficacy and relationship self-efficacy. We also found a significant positive correlation between relationship self-efficacy and relationship satisfaction, but only for male participants. The study’s findings also provided corroboration that cortisol levels are inversely associated with sport self-efficacy and relationship self-efficacy, but that relationship failed to reach statistical significance.
Byl, Merideth and Naydenova, Ivelina
"The Association between Romantic Relationships, Self-Efficacy and Sports Self-Efficacy in Female Athletes as Measured by Salivary Cortisol,"
Journal of Counseling and Psychology: Vol. 1:
2, Article 2.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.gardner-webb.edu/jcp/vol1/iss2/2