The Effect of a Recorded Life Story on Nursing Students' Caring Behaviors

Ai Kato, Gardner-Webb University


The purpose of this quantitative study was to explore the effect of a recorded life story on nursing students' caring behaviors. A convenience sample of 49 second-semester sophomore nursing students enrolled in a pre-licensure nursing program voluntarily participated in this study. Forty-nine students were randomly divided into Thursday and Friday group. Twenty-five students listened to the recorded life story prior to giving care to the simulated patients, and 24 students did not listen to the recorded life story. Upon the completion of providing care to the simulated patients, the students received a demographic survey, and the content of the study was explained. The students were informed that they had the right to either participate or not in the survey. All 49 students completed the survey voluntarily. Descriptive statistics were used to determine the overall mean of each group's students' responses to each question. The mean score for the Thursday group was 30 (SD=7.96), and the Friday group mean score was 34.04 (SD=9.8). The Man-Whitney U Test was conducted to compare the Thursday and Friday groups. The result showed P value as 0.144, which was above alpha = 0.05; therefore, there were no significant differences in the Thursday and Friday groups. In addition, the Fisher Exact Test was conducted on all the demographic variables to determine if there were any significant associations of demographic variables and the group assignments. There were no significant differences in demographic variables.