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According to García-Ramos et al. (2016), the vertical jump is an essential factor that affects the push-off and start phases of the sport of swimming, which are crucial elements for improving stroke performance and efficiency. Explosive training strategies with resistance and light load work help improve power in the pushing motion. This may be done through plyometric training for out of the water workouts, or resistance training in the water (Makaruk et al., 2020). According to Sheppard et al. (2008), the vertical jump is considered a successful performance indicator in swimming. According to McArdle et al. (2015), the term body composition can be interchanged with the term fat-free mass or lean body mass. This is used to determine an individual’s overall health and lifestyle. It was seen that males have a lower body fat percentage, or fat free mass, than females (McArdle et al., 2015). According to Caia et al. (2016), it was found that body composition played a role in determining the vertical jump ability of athletes. In theory, less body fat composition would mean more muscle mass and stronger connection with muscular recruitment in the body (Caia et al., 2016). The purpose of this lab was to determine if body composition played a role in the ability to perform a vertical jump test among collegiate swimmers. It was hypothesized that a lower body fat percentage would lead to an overall higher vertical jump. Since males statistically have lower body fat percentages when compared to women, it can also be shown that males would have higher vertical jump values.

Publication Date

Spring 2022


Boiling Springs, NC


Medicine and Health Sciences | Movement and Mind-Body Therapies | Rehabilitation and Therapy | Sports Sciences

The Relationship between FFM and Vertical Jump in Male and Female Division One Collegiate Swimmers