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Aerobic fitness relies on ample storage of all macronutrients that come from one’s diet. Dietary recommendations were introduced in the United States in 1977, which have been disputed as to whether a low- or high-fat diet is better for performance. For female athletes, more uncertainty is present due to the lack of research on this population’s dietary guidelines. There is a need for further research comparing high- and low-fat diet influence on the aerobic capacity of adolescent female athletes. This study recruited 30 elite female soccer players, ages 16-18 from Charlotte, NC, who were randomly assigned to either a low- or high-fat diet for 12 months. Each athlete completed the Bruce Treadmill VO2 MAX Test before and after the 12 months to observe the changes in their aerobic capacity. The results were analyzed and compared to determine a correlation between high or low-fat diet and VO2 MAX. PURPOSE: To compare the effect of high- and low-fat diet on VO2 MAX in adolescent elite female soccer players.

Publication Date

Spring 2022


Boiling Springs, NC


Medicine and Health Sciences | Movement and Mind-Body Therapies | Rehabilitation and Therapy | Sports Sciences

Comparison of High vs. Low Fat Diet Influence on VO2MAX in Adolescent Elite Female Soccer Players